An antique industrial method that dates to the 1890s is casting. Investment casting and die casting are two popular casting processes currently accessible. Investment casting and die casting have distinct variances, even though these processes share the same fundamental concepts.
Wax is injected into an aluminium chamber during investment casting foundry. On the other hand, the die-casting technique applies great pressure to the molten metal as it is forced into mold cavities.
Investment Casting Definition
The lost wax casting method is at the heart of investment casting foundry. During this early step, the mold becomes “invested” in the refractory material.
The wax is removed using heat once the final coating has dried and taken on the form of the component in the mold cavity. To effectively replace the wax pattern with metal, the maker then pours molten metal into the hollow. Before the cast item is removed, the metal cools and hardens inside the mold.
Define Die Casting
Non-ferrous alloys are melted during the die-casting process, and they are then injected into dies that have previously been made. There are two primary die-casting procedures used in the industry
A hot room Die Casting: Using a hydraulic system, metals that have been melted are injected at high pressure into dies during this operation. It is appropriate for alloys made of low melting-point metals including zinc, magnesium, lead, and tin.
Cold Chamber Die Casting – Unlike the hot chamber method, cold chamber dies casting ladles the molten metal into the chamber before injecting it into the die. The pressure in this situation is higher, typically ranging between 2000 and 20000 psi.
Investment Casting vs. Die Casting: A Detailed Comparison
It’s time to contrast investment casting and die casting now that you are familiar with the two procedures and their main benefits.
- Working Method
Making a wax pattern is the first step in the investment casting foundry, which is utilized to create the desired final product. The waxes are next attached to sprue bottoms before being repeatedly dipped into the ceramic mold by the operator.
- Selection of Casting Materials
Investment casting is appropriate for a variety of metals and functions flawlessly with both ferrous and non-ferrous metals. Metals like stainless steel, copper, aluminium, zinc, etc. can all be used in this casting technique. Additionally, it enables the casting of alloys that could be difficult to manufacture.
- Design Difficulty
When contrasting die casting with investment casting, your design geometry is essential. Investment casting may produce complicated shapes, thin-walled parts, and more exact measurements.
- Size of Part
Investment casting foundry can handle parts weighing 0.02 kg to roughly 100 kg. The size of the pieces for this technique is nonetheless subject to various restrictions. To assure repeated dipping in the slurry of refractory material, it is necessary to tightly gate the wax pattern to the tool sprue.
- Surface Modification
You can tell that an investment cast component has a superior surface polish than a die-cast component when you compare the two. You can attain up to 125 micro finishes with this procedure, and the typical exact tolerance is IT5-6.
Die casting and investment may both make parts with precise tolerances. However, the type of material used and the form of the item have a significant impact on the tolerance capabilities of a casting process.
- Cycle Period
Traditional investment casting takes a long period and involves a lot of work and casting. Traditional die casting, on the other hand, may generate up to three or four shots each minute.
Even though die casting and investment casting are tried-and-true methods, they work best for particular applications. Your particular demands will determine the casting technique you choose. For instance, die casting works best for swiftly, cheaply, and consistently producing a big batch of parts. investment casting foundry, on the other hand, is suited for smaller objects with elaborate or complicated elements.