Breast cancer is cancer that develops in the tissues of the breasts. Cancer can metastasize and spread to other parts of the body, such as bones and liver. Breast cancer presents with a wide variety of symptoms and effects on the body.
While a doctor is making the diagnosis in the earlier stages, the first rule of thumb is to check for the changes in the breast. Earlier the cancer is diagnosed, less likely are the chances of it’s to the rest of the body.
There are a variety of effects noticed on the body –
This is the most common symptom associated with breast tumors. The lump is usually irregularly shaped. It can be painful or painless. A lump or a mass is usually the first symptom noticed by a female.
The patient may observe swelling or redness in the skin of the breasts and may feel irritated. Sometimes the skin can also feel dimpled due to dryness.
The patients might experience swelling and slight pain due to swelling in the lymph nodes. This is most commonly seen in the underarm. The axillary lymph nodes are the first lymph nodes where cancer from the breasts can spread to.
The patient usually notices many changes in their breast and the surrounding tissues in the area, depending on the type and stage of breast cancer. This includes –
As cancer progresses, there is a feeling of general fatigue experienced by the patient while doing day to day activities. This is characterized by a consistent feeling of extreme tiredness.
Breast cancer affects the body’s appetite, resulting in a sudden weight loss. The reason remains unidentified and is usually unintentional. However, the body weight keeps fluctuating during the treatment cycles also, mostly due to the chemotherapy.
The patient notices these symptoms in the later stages. Mainly because once cancer spreads to the lymph nodes, it disrupts the transmission of lymph, which result in lessened immune responses and more chances of getting infections.
Diagnosis of Breast Cancer –
The diagnosis of breast cancer is done to determine how large is the tumor and how much has it spread. The patient is evaluated to find out the following
The diagnostic tests include –
Breast Biopsy – It is the last test done, in which the doctor takes a sample of the tissue to analyze the cells.
Treatment options available –
The best breast cancer hospital in India offers multiple options for breast cancer treatment, including –
Other options include –
Depending on the stage of breast cancer diagnosed, a treatment plan is formulated. It usually combines one surgery to remove the lump and then maintenance therapy to limit the growth of cancer to the rest of the body. These are second in line treatment modalities, which can be –
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